Use of Ichnology in Exploration
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IntroductionPalaeoichnology is the branch of Ichnology which is in charge of the study of the fossil ethological – or biogenic – structures, the latter being preserved in the rocks by virtue of the interaction between the behavior of ancient organisms and the natural substrates in intimate contact with them (sediments, rocks, other organisms,…). Among the ethological structures we can distinguish – according to the type of interaction of the organisms with the substrate – among bioturbation, bioerosion, biodeposition and bioordination structures, all of which can be present in all type of sedimentary rocks. Bioturbation structures are, for instance, the burrows, tracks and trails, while typical bioerosion features are the borings. The Palaeoichnological study bring on data about the physical, chemical and biological factors governing the sedimentary and palaeoecological dynamics of terrestrial, transitional and marine depositional systems, hence its interest in hydrocarbon exploration and, in general, in Sedimentary Geology. Moreover, by its own nature, the object of the palaeoichnological study – the ethological structures – warranties with a very high level of confidence that they originated in situ, i.e. in the palaeoecosystem which depositional system we are trying to reconstruct. Hence, all conclusions obtained can be directly applied to reconstruction study. Furthermore, the perspective provided by the Palaeoichnology is comprehensive because (1) it is governed by the application of a number of (ichnological) principles, (2) it may be applied to all kind of sedimentary rocks of any age in the geological record, (3) it considers all kind of biological groups playing a role in every old ecosystem, (4) it sheds light on the physical and chemical factors which satisfy the organisms’ needs, (5) it analyses the sedimentological aspects of the environment, and (6) it filtrates the gathered information through a rigorous taphonomic analysis.
ObjectivesUpon completion of this course, participants will be able:
- Identify the most common ethological structures (mostly trace fossils) in outcrops and cores.
- Interprete the ethological structures and their units in terms of palaeoenvironmental indicators.
- Identify ichnoassamblages, ichnoassociations, ichnofabrics and ichnofacies.
- Apply the information recorded in ethological structures in hydrocarbon exploration.
TrainerDr. José Antonio Gámez Vintaned holds a PhD in Geological Sciences by the University of Zaragoza (Spain), and he is an Associate Professor at Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS since 2014. He is a specialist in Palaeoichnology and also in Palaeontology of primitive biotas, having over 100 scientific papers dealing mostly with Neoproterozoic to Recent trace fossils, Neoproterozoic to Cambrian soft and shelly body fossils, as well as with the dissemination of science.
Course ContentsThis two-day course will cover the following aspects (case studies may be included in some topics):
- Introduction to Ichnology
- Ethological structures as palaeo-environmental indicators.
- Concepts of ichnoassamblage, ichnoassociation, ichnofabrics and ichnofacies.
- Ichnological applications to hydrocarbon exploration.
Download the Course Brochure: Use of Ichnology in Exploration
REGISTRATION IS NOW OPENTo register, download the CAPE Professional Short Course Registration Form and email the completed form to email@example.com.
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Price : 1,800 for Professional (Discount available for students, group registration, PETRONAS staff, and UTP alumni) MYR
Max Availability : 24
Location : Level 16, Menara 2, Menara Kembar Bank Rakyat, Jalan Travers, 50470 Kuala Lumpur